Ndege yaing'ono / Chimake Chakuda – Chifukwa Chake Ndege Zingagwire Ndege & Momwe Mungapewere

[ad_1]

Ndinali woyendetsa ndege wa helicopter kwa zaka 35. Pa ntchito yanga, ndinayendetsa mtunda wa makilomita pafupifupi 1.5 miliyoni, ndikunyamulira, pafupi ndi momwe ndingathere, pafupifupi anthu okwana 100,000, ndipo ndinatsiriza ndi maola 12,500 othawa. Nambala yofunika kwambiri? Ndinafika ndi chiwerengero chofanana cha kutenga ndi kubwerera.

Pogwiritsa ntchito malonda a helicopter, izi zimawoneka ngati zodabwitsa. Anthu ambiri amakhulupirira kuti maulendo a helikopita ndi zovuta zotsutsana zomwe zingakhale zosayembekezereka, makamaka zoyipa. Chowonadi ndi chakuti, monga momwe ine nthawi zambiri ndimauza okwera anga, gawo loopsa la ntchito yanga linali kuyendetsa galimoto kupita kuntchito.

Koma pali ngozi yeniyeni yomwe ikupezeka mu makampani a helikopita, makamaka chifukwa cha momwe maulendo a helikopita amagwiritsidwira ntchito, ndipo izi ndizovuta zowonongeka. Ntchito zambiri za helikopita zimachokera ku zomwe FAA imatcha kuti 'malo osaloledwa', ndiko kuti, malo otsekemera osatulutsidwa, malo othawirako otsetsereka m'madera akumidzi, komanso malo omwe ali kutali komwe kulibe ma radio kapena radar. Malamulo onse amaitana oyendetsa ndege kuti aone ndikupewa. Zikuwoneka molunjika mokwanira. Ngakhale zili choncho, pali maulendo angapo omwe amamenyana nawo ndipo amatha kuchepa chaka chilichonse. Oyendetsa ndege amayesa kufufuza maulendo a ma wailesi, ndipo amayenera kudziŵa nthawi zonse kukhalapo kwa magalimoto ena. Koma ngati palibe malo osungirako zinthu monga kunja kwa FAA, kapena malo ena a ATC, omwe ndi ofunika mu bizinesi ya ndege, ndiye kuti woyendetsa ndege ayambe kuwombola ndege zina.

Sitikunena kuti kugunda pakati pa ndege ziwiri nthawi zonse kumabweretsa imfa. Pamene imodzi mwa makina amenewo ndi helikopita nthawizonse imatero. Ndege yokhala ndi mapiko ali ndi mwayi, ngakhale kuti ili kutali, kuti ipezeke pamtunda, ndipo mwinamwake, mwinamwake, mwina kufika pamtunda mwakachetechete. Helikopita siili. Nthawi iliyonse kayendedwe ka ndege kamene kamasokoneza ndegeyo idzawonongeka. Zachita. Kotero, muzinthu zambiri zimakhala zogwirizana ndi ndege zina, makamaka pamene, monga momwe zinalili mu New York midair posachedwapa, phiko lokhazikitsidwa liyenera kukhala likugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi woyendetsa yekha, mwinamwake wotsika nthawi. Kuonjezerapo, ngakhale kufufuza kumene kwangoyamba kumene ku New York, zida zomangamanga zikhoza kukhala ndi gawo. Ma helikopita amakhala ndi mawonekedwe aatali kwambiri kusiyana ndi makina a mapiko. Ndege za ndege zimakhala ndi zochepa zooneka bwino, makamaka ndege yopita pansi yomwe phiko lokha limakhala ngati malo osawona a magalimoto pansi.

Nanga mungatani kuti musamawonongeke? Kodi mungatani kuti ndege zisatuluke pandege pamene pali kuyang'anitsitsa kwapang'ono kapena kopanda kunja, popanda njira yothandizira njira zamakono? Nazi malingaliro angapo kwa ophunzira, kapena oyendetsa ndege ena ali ndi chikhumbo chothawa pantchito monga momwe ine ndinkakhalira ndi zochitika zoipa zoterozo mu zolemba zawo. Ndili ndi mayitanidwe apamtima: imodzi pafupi ndi kugunda ku Vietnam madzulo; ina pafupi ndi Dubuque Iowa imodzi yopanda mtambo, dzuwa limatuluka madzulo mu July; ndi kuyitana kwinakwake kwakukulu ndi mbalame yam'madzi yam'mphepete mwa nyanja yomwe ingakhale itatulutsa mpweya wanga wa mphepo sindinapewe naye.

Pali anthu ogulitsa ndege, makamaka aang'ono oyendetsa ndege kapena osadziŵa zambiri, omwe amavomereza ku 'chidziwitso chaching'ono cha ndege chodziletsa. Mwachidule, oyendetsa ndegewo amakhulupirira kuti m'dera lalikulu kwambiri ngati denga, ndipo pofotokoza zochepa zochepa, mwayi wawo wothandizana ndi ndege ina uli pafupi. Ngakhale kuti aphunzitsi nthawi zonse amafuna kuti wophunzirayo (ndi ena onse) apolisi aziika mutu wawo 'pang'onopang'ono', oyendetsa ndege ena amaika maganizo awo mkati mwa cockpit kwa nthawi yaitali, akungoyang'ana nthawi zina. Kotero lamulo loyamba ndi kuyang'ana kunja kwa ndege kamodzi kanthawi. Chikhalidwe chabwino cha chala chachikulu chikanakhala, o, ngati, masekondi khumi aliwonse masekondi asanu.

Njira ina yopezera ufulu wa magalimoto ena ndiyo kuyang'anitsitsa wailesi. Mvetserani kumalo, tcheru khutu kwa yemwe akutha, kapena amene akufika, ndi komwe. Kumatchedwa kudzidzimutsa, ndi bwenzi lathu lapamtima pandege, kapena kuyang'ana galimotoyo pamalo okwera kwambiri.

Dziwani kumene muli nthawi zonse. Izi zikhoza kumveka mophweka, koma ngati mumadziwa komwe ndege yanu ili pa kotala makilomita nthawi zonse, ndi mauthenga ena a magalimoto mumabokosi omwewo, muyenera kuyang'ana. Ndipo musaganize kuti akukuonani. Mmodzi mwa anthu akuluakulu opha njinga zamakono ndi osasamala. Wapha oyendetsa ndege ambiri kuposa kutuluka kwa mafuta. Zaka zovuta zakale zapitazo zinagwirizanitsa malonda 727 ku San Diego zomwe zinagwirizana ndi Cessna 172 mu September 1978. Oyendetsa ndege a ndegeyi adanena kuti anali ndi ndege. Koma ndegeyo inanena kuti kuwona kunali ndege yachitatu. Iwo sanamuone yemwe adathamangira, ndipo anthu 137 anamwalira.

Chodabwitsa china chimene chingayambitse zolemetsa chimatchedwa kuchuluka kwa kutsekedwa. Mu ufulu waufulu malingaliro a liwiro ndi ovuta kusiyanitsa ku cockpit. Kutseketsa ndege ina, woyendetsa ndege sangathe kudziwa molakwika mlingo umene awiriwa akuyandikira, ndikuwulukira mumakina ena. Izi zimachitika, makamaka pamene oyendetsa ndege akukhulupirira kuti ali ndi nthawi yochuluka yochitira, ndipo amapeza kenaka.

Ponena za chiwonetsero chaching'ono cha mlengalenga, monga momwe kuwonongeka kwa San Diego kunanenedwa pamwambapa, kuwonongeka kwakukulu kumachitika tsiku lotsatira mkati mwa makilomita asanu a ndege. Ku chitsanzo cha New York City, ndegeyo inali itangokwera kuchokera ku heliport pafupi ndi mtsinje wa Hudson ndipo inali kukwera. Ndikulingalira pa mfundoyi, koma zikuwoneka kuti palibe woyendetsa ndege yemwe adawona wina, kotero panalibe nthawi yoti achoke. Ngoziyi idalepheretsedwa ndi kuyang'anitsitsa kwambiri ntchentche zikuluzikulu, makamaka pang'onopang'ono pamphepete mwa mtsinjewu.

Zoopsa za ndege sizingapeweke. Ndizo zotsatira za kuyang'anitsitsa kwaumunthu, kusadandaula, kusowa chidwi, komanso kunyalanyaza zolephera. Monga mmodzi wa alangizi anga ankakonda kunena, "Sitikupanga njira zatsopano zowonongeka". Zokwanira zimatha kulepheretsedwa, ndikuwona bwino momwe airspace ilili yowonjezera – ndikukhala ndi nthawi zonse – kulima chizoloŵezi chodziwika bwino, ndikugwiritsa ntchito zilizonse zomwe zilipo pogona ndi kunja kwake, monga kufotokozera kwadongosolo, kufotokoza malo pa radiyo, ndi kuphunzitsa anthu kuti ayang'ane kunja.

[ad_2]